ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ: ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืื—ื“

ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ

ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ื”ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื, ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื, ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื โ€“ ื•ืœื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืœื. ืื‘ืœ ืื ื–ื” ื”ื’ืจืกื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืฉืงื•ืคืฆืช ืœื›ื ืœืจืืฉ (ืงืขืงื•ืข ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืื• ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ืžื ื™ื—ื™ื ืื•ืชื ื™ื—ื“, ืžื›ืกื™ื ื—ืœืง ื ื™ื›ืจ ืžื”ื–ืจื•ืข), ืืชื ืžืคืกื™ื“ ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื›ืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ืื™ื ืกื˜ื’ืจื, ืื ื• ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืžื ื™ื, ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ื”ืžืืชื’ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ โ€“ ื›ืš ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ืื”ื‘.

ื›ืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืงืฉื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœื”ืกืชื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืชืจืฆื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘-100% ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘, ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื, ื”ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ, ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื•ื”ืฆื‘ืข ืฉืœื•. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ืจื™ืš ืื•ืชื ื• ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืงืขืงื•ืข ืจื‘ืข, ื—ืฆื™ ืื• ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžืœื, ื™ืฆืื ื• ืœืืกื•ืฃ ื›ืžื” ืขืฆื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืจืฉืช.

ืฉื•ืงืœื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื“? ื”ื ื” ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœื›ื ืœืฉืงื•ืœ.

1. ื‘ื—ืจื• ืืช ืืžืŸ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ

ืื ืืชื ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืข ื–ืขื™ืจ ื•ื ืกืชืจ, ื›ื ืจืื” ืฉืชื”ื™ื• ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืขื ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืืžื ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ื›ืžื• ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ, ื”ื’ื•ืจื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. โ€œื™ืฉ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืืžื ื™ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืžืชืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื™ืโ€, ื›ืชื‘ื” ืขืœ ื›ืš ืืžื ื“ื” ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘, ืืžื ื™ื ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืžื ื™ื•-ื™ื•ืจืง. โ€œื–ื” ืœื ื”ื’ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœืืžืŸ ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ ืื—ื“ ื•ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืžืžื ื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจโ€.

ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช, ืžืฆืื• ืืžืŸ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืฉืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื•ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืฉืœื• ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืฉืืชื ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืœื›ื.

ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ืžืฆื™ืืช ืืžืŸ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืžื•ืฉืœื ื–ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœ ืžืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื” ืคืขื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื”ืื™ื ืกื˜ื’ืจื. ืื‘ืœ ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืจืฉืช ื”ื™ื ื›ืœื™ ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœืžืฆื™ืืช ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ืžืชืื™ื, ื–ื” ืจืง ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš.

ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื›ื ืืžืŸ ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ื‘ืจืืฉ, ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘ ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืœืœื›ืช ืœืคื’ื™ืฉืช ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ื•ื”ืืžืŸ ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืื ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืืžื”. ืื ื”ืืžืŸ ืฉืžืฆืืช ืœื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœืš, ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘ ืื•ืžืจืช ืฉื–ื” ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”. โ€œืœื ืœื›ื•ืœื ื‘ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื™ืฉ ืืช ืื•ืชื” ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ืชโ€, ื”ื™ื ืื•ืžืจืช. โ€œื•ื–ื” ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉื ืฉืืจ ืขืœื™ืš ืœื ืฆื—, ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื›ืœ.โ€

2. ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื• ืžื—ืฉื‘ื” โ€“ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ

ื›ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืื–ื•ืจ ื’ื•ืฃ ืขื ืฉื˜ื— ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ (ืื• ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ื ืžืจื•ื‘ื™ื). ืื‘ืœ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื–ืจื•ืข ืฉืœื›ื ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืง ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ, ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœื›ื ื ืฆื—ื™ ื•ืœื ื˜ืจื ื“ื™ ืžื“ื™. โ€œืชื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ื”ืขืชื™ื“ื™ ืชื’ื™ื“,โ€ ืื•ืžืจืช ืืžื ื“ื”. โ€œืชื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœื™ืš ื‘ืขื•ื“ 10 ืฉื ื™ื ืžื”ื™ื•ื. ืื ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืฉื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืœื ื‘ืขืชื™ื“ ืฉืœืš, ืœืš ืขืœ ื–ื”.โ€

ืกื™ื‘ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืœื›ืš ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืฉืื ืื™ื ื›ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ืจืฆื•ื™, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืกืžื•ืš ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืœื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื ืคื•ื˜ ืฉืœื•. ื‘ืจืื™ื™ืŸ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–, ืืžืŸ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื›ืชื‘ ืฉืื ืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘ ืืช ื”ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืžืจื•ืฆื” ืžื›ืœ ืชื•ืฆืื” ืกื•ืคื™ืช, ื’ื ืื ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื›ื ืœืืžืŸ, ืฉืชืคื• ืคืขื•ืœื” ืื™ืชื• ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. โ€œื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืžื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ื™ื”ื™ื• ืžืชืงืฉืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืจื•ืจื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืฉืืชื” ื’ื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืœืงื—ืช ืฆืขื“ ืื—ื•ืจื” ื•ืœืกืžื•ืš ืขืœ ื”ืืžืŸ ืฉืœืš ื•ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืฉื™ืขื‘ื•ื“ ื”ื›ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœืšโ€, ืื•ืžืจ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–. โ€œืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื ืกื™ื ืœื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื“ื™ ืืช ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ื–ื” ื”ื•ืจื’ ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื’ืฉื•ืช ืื• ื”ืชืœื”ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืื•ืœื™ ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืงื™ื™ืžืช ืžื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸโ€.

ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ

3. ื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ื• ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ื•ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ

ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื’ื“ืœื™ื (ืจื‘ืข, ื—ืฆื™ ื•ืžืœื) ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื•ืœื›ืกื•ืช ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ื”ื–ืจื•ืข. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื‘ื—ืจืช ืืช ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœืš, ื”ืืžืŸ ืฉืœืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ื–ืจื™ืžื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื–ื•ืจ.

โ€œืื ื™ ืื•ื”ื‘ ืœืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื ืจืื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืžื• ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื–ืจื•ืขโ€, ืื•ืžืจ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–. โ€œืื ื™ ืชืžื™ื“ ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืฉืจื™ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืงื™ืžื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ. ืื ื™ ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืœ ืื™ืš ื™ืจืื” ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจ ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืขื•ื’ืœ ืื• ืžื›ื•ืคืฃ, ืื ื™ ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืœ ืื™ืš ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื• ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืื™ืœื• ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื’ื•ืฃ, ื•ืœื ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืชืงื•ืข ืขืœื™ื•โ€.

4. ื’ื ืื ืืชื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ื โ€“ ื—ืฉื‘ื• ืขืœ ื”ืชื•ืฆืจ ื”ืกื•ืคื™

ื™ืฉ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืขื ื›ืžื” ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืฉืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืืงืจืื™ ื•ืžื’ืฉืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื ืจืง ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื, ื ืกื• ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื”ืกื•ืคื™ ื•ืขืœ ืงื ื” ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉืœื• ืขื ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžืจืืฉ.

โ€œืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฉื”ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืื ื™ ืื‘ืœื” ืคื’ื™ืฉื” ืื—ืช ื‘ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื•ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืขื ื”ืœืงื•ื—โ€, ืื•ืžืจืช ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘. โ€œื›ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข, ืื ื™ ืื•ื”ื‘ืช ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืคื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื™ื•ื ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื–ืžืŸ, ื‘ื”ืคืจืฉ ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื ืขื“ ืœื”ืฉืœืžืช ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข. ืคื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืขืงื‘ื™ื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื•ืœื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืืœื™ื”ืŸ, ื•ื™ืฉ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ืŸ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื–ืžืŸ ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื.โ€

ืœื“ื‘ืจื™ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–, ืžืฉืš ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœื•ืงื— ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืชืœื•ื™ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘. โ€œืจืื™ืชื™ ืื ืฉื™ื ื“ื•ืคืงื™ื ืฉืจื•ื•ืœื™ื ืชื•ืš ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืจืื™ืชื™ ื›ืืœื• ืฉื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ืœื”ื ืฉื ื” ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจโ€, ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ. โ€œืชืžื™ื“ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ืืช ื–ื” ืžืจืืฉ ื›ืš ืฉื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืžื” ื”ืคืจื™ืกื”, ื•ืœื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืกืจ ื•ื“ืื•ืชโ€.

ืœืงืจื™ืื” ื ื•ืกืคืช: ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืข: ื›ืš ืชืฉืžืจื™ ืขืœ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืœืš

ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžืคื”

5. ืฉืžืจื• ืขืœ ืงื• ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™

ืื ืืชื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืกื™ื ื”ื–ื•ืจืžื™ื, ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืœื›ื ืžืจืืฉ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื—ื ื•ืง ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื. ืื ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžืชื•ื›ื ืŸ ืžื“ื™ ืœื ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœื›ื ืžืชืื™ื, ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ืขื ื›ืžื” ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ื•ืกื™ืคื• ืœื”ื ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ืื ืืชื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืฉืœืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ืชื”ื™ื” ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืžื’ื•ื‘ืฉืช, ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื”ืืžืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกื™ื™ืข ืœื›ื ืขื ืžืจืื” ื•ื–ืจื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ื›ืœืœื™.

ื“ืจืš ื ืคื•ืฆื” ืื—ืช ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื ืขื ืฆื‘ืข ืจืงืข ืจืฆื™ืฃ ืื• ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื“ื•ืžื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืžืจืื” ืขื“ื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื–ื• ืœื ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจืš. โ€œื›ื›ืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื•ืจ ืœื ืžืงื•ืขืงืข, ื›ืš ื–ื” ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื•ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ื•ืจื™ืจื™ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืšโ€, ืื•ืžืจ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–.

ืื ืืชื ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ โ€œื—ืœืœ ืจื™ืงโ€, ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื– ืžืžืœื™ืฅ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžืœื•ื›ื“ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืืžื ื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ื“ื•ืžื™ื. ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘ ืื•ืžืจืช ืฉื“ืจืš ื ื•ืกืคืช ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžืœื•ื›ื“ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื ื•ืฉื ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ.

6. ืืœ ืชืคื—ื“ื• ืžืฆื‘ืข

ื”ื•ืกืคืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืœืงืขืงื•ืข ื”ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื• ืœื”ืชื‘ืœื˜ ื‘ืืžืช, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื•ืกืคืช ืฆื‘ืข ืชื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœื›ื ืœืกื•ื—ืฃ ืžื“ื™. ืื ืืชื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืขื“ื™ื ื™ื, ืืชื ืœื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœืคื—ื“ ืžืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฆื‘ืข. ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–, ืฉืžืชืžื—ื” ื‘ืืžื ื•ืช ืงืขืงื•ืข ืขื“ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ืืžืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขืช ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฆื‘ืข ื›ืš ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ื™ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ืžื“ื™.

โ€œื™ืฉ ืืžื ื™ื ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืžืžืฉ ื‘ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื, ื•ื™ืฉ ื›ืืœื• ืžืžืฉ ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื ืขื ืฆื‘ืขโ€, ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ. โ€œืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื•ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืจืš ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื ื›ื ืจืื” ื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืื™ืชืš ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื–ื” ืœื ื™ื™ืจืื” ืœืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื“ื™ ื‘ื•ืœื˜.โ€

ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืืฉืจ ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืื™ืชื ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืืคืงื˜ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืจืš ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื– ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฆื‘ืข ืื™ืŸ ืงืฉืจ ืœื–ื”. โ€œื–ื” ืžืกืชื›ื ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื•ืžื” ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื‘ืคื•ืขืœโ€, ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ื“ ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืขื ืฆื‘ืข ื”ื•ื ื”ื˜ืืฆโ€™-ืืค ืฉืชืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš. โ€œืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืžืขื˜ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ื•ื”ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื“ืขื•ืš ืžื”ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืืคื•ืจื™ืโ€, ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ื’ื•ื˜ื™ื™ืจื–.

ืœืงืจื™ืื” ื ื•ืกืคืช: ืงืขืงื•ืข ื“ื•ื”ื”? ื›ืš ืชืฉืžืจื• ืขืœ ื”ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืœื›ื ืžืื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืฆื‘ืข

ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ

7. ืงื—ื• ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื”ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขืœื•ืช ืœื›ื ืœื ืžืขื˜ ื›ืกืฃ, ืื•ืœื™ ืืชื ืงืฆืช ืžื”ืกืกื™ื ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ืžืœื. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืืžืช ื”ื™ื ืฉื–ื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืชืœื•ื™. โ€œื”ืชืžื—ื•ืจ ืžืฉืชื ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืžืŸ ืœืืžืŸ, ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืœืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื•โ€, ืื•ืžืจืช ื•ื•ืื›ื•ื‘. โ€œื™ืฉ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื™ื™ื’ื‘ื• ืœืคื™ ื—ืœืง, ื—ืœืง ื™ื’ื‘ื• ืœืคื™ ืฉืขื”, ื—ืœืง ื™ื’ื‘ื• ืชืขืจื™ืฃ ื™ื•ืžื™. ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื ื™ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืงื•ืœ ื—ื–ืง ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืฉืืชื” ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœืš ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช. ืงืขืงื•ืข ื”ื•ื ืœื ืžืงื•ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื โ€“ ื–ื• ื”ืฉืงืขื” ื‘ืขืฆืžืš ื•ื‘ืื•ืฉืจ ื”ืขืชื™ื“ื™ ืฉืœืš. ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืฉื”ื• ื›ืžื• ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ, ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื’ืœื•ื™. ืื ืืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘ ื”ื•ื ื™ืงืจ โ€“ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื—ืกื•ืš ื•ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืขโ€.

ื•ืžื” ืื—ืจื™?

ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืข ื—ื“ืฉ ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœื™ื• ืžื–ื™ื”ื•ื ืื• ื”ืฆื˜ืœืงื•ืช ื•ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืฉืœื• โ€“ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื”ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉื”ื โ€œื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื ื•ืฆื—ื™ืโ€ ื•ืœื”ื–ื ื™ื— ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื”ืชืื. ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœื™ื”ื:

  • ืžื’ืข ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื ืงื™ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื“.
  • ืฉื˜ื™ืคื” ื‘ืกื‘ื•ืŸ ืื ื˜ื™-ื‘ืงื˜ืจื™ืืœื™ ื‘ืœื‘ื“.
  • ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉย ื‘ืžืฉื—ื” ืœืื—ืจ ืงืขืงื•ืข.
  • ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช ืœืฉืžืฉ.

ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ืงืขืงื•ืข ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื ืชื•ืš ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื–ื”, ืœื ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ืงื™ืœื•ืฃ, ื ืคื™ื—ื•ืช ืื• ืื“ืžื•ืžื™ื•ืช.

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขื•ื“? ืงืจืื•: ืžืื™ื–ื” ื’ื™ืœ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงืขืงื•ืข, ื•ืžื” ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืื—ื“

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *