ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™: ืžื“ืจื™ืš

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™

ืœื ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ืœื”ื˜ ื”ืจื’ืข โ€“ ื•ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื™ืฉ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืœื›ืš ืฉื›ื•ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช, ืžืžืฉ ืขืœ ื”ืฆื•ื•ืืจ ืฉืœืš. ืื– ืžื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื•ื›ื”? ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื™ ืœืงืจื•ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™.

ื”ื™ืงื™ ื”ื™ื ื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ื ื’ืจืžืช ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื˜ืจืื•ืžื” ืœืขื•ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžืฆื™ืฆื” ืื• ื ืฉื™ื›ื”. ื•ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืœื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืคืฆื™ืขื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช, ื”ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื“ื™ ืžื‘ื™ื›ื”! ืื– ืื™ืš ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘ื”ืงื“ื ื”ืืคืฉืจื™?

ืืกืคื ื• ืคื” ื›ืžื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื•ืคืื™ ืขื•ืจ ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืงื™ โ€“ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืช ืžื—ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ืขืœืžื•ืช ื”ืžืœืื” ืฉืœื•.

ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ืœื•ืงื— ืœื”ื™ืงื™ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื?

ืื– ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื”ืจืขื•ืช: ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ืงืœื” ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื”ื™ืงื™. ื›ืžื• ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืจ, ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื.

ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ื ืžืฉื›ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื ืœืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื, ื•ื”ื™ืงื™, ืฉื”ื•ื ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉื˜ื—ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืจื”, ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ืœืžื” ืžืืฉืจ ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื™ื.

โ€œื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ืจืื•ืžื” ืœืขื•ืจ ืฉื™ื•ืฆืจ ื”ื™ืงื™ ืื™ื ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื›ืžื• ื”ื˜ืจืื•ืžื” ืฉื’ื•ืจื, ื ื ื™ื—, ืคื ืก ื‘ืขื™ืŸโ€ ืื•ืžืจ ื“โ€ืจ ืืœื•ืง ื•ื™ื’โ€™, ืจื•ืคื ืขื•ืจ ืžืืจื”โ€ื‘ ืฉื›ืชื‘ ืขืœ ื”ื ื•ืฉื, โ€œื›ืš ืฉื”ื™ืงื™ืก ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื ืžื•ืงื“ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืจ.โ€

ื•ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืžืœื ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ โ€œืขืฉื™ ื–ืืช ื‘ืขืฆืžืšโ€ ืฉืžืชื™ื™ืžืจื™ื ืœืœืžื“ ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘ืŸ ืœื™ืœื”, ื“โ€ืจ ื•ื™ื’โ€™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืžื“ืข ืืžื™ืชื™ ืฉืขื•ืžื“ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืจื•ื‘ื. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืœืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื—ืœื™ื.

ืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ื—ืžื™ื

ื”ื”ื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื ื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™ ื”ื™ื ืขื ืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ื—ืžื™ื.

โ€œืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ื‘ ืืช ื›ืœื™ ื”ื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืš ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืคืจืง ืืช ื”ื›ืชื ืฉื ื•ืฆืจ ื‘ืขื•ืจ, ื•ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ืชืื™ ื”ื“ื ื”ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ืฉื ืฉืคื›ื• ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืžื›ืœื™ ื”ื“ื ื•ืืœ ื”ืขื•ืจ ืฉืœืšโ€, ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ื“โ€ืจ ื•ื™ื’โ€™.

ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ื”ื‘ืื” ืขื“ ืืจื‘ืข ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ืžืฉืš ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื”ื™ืงื™ ืฉืœืš ื ืจืื” ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืจ:

  1. ืžืžืœืื™ื ืงืขืจื” ืฉื ื™ืชื ืช ืœื—ื™ืžื•ื ื‘ืžื™ืงืจื•ื’ืœ ื‘ืžื™ื, ื•ืžื—ืžืžื™ื ืื•ืชื” ื‘ืžื™ืงืจื•ื’ืœ ืขื“ ืฉื”ื™ื ื—ืžื” ืžืกืคื™ืง (ื‘ืจืžื” ืฉืœื ืชื•ื›ืœื™ ืœื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ืืฆื‘ืข ืœื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืžื” ืฉื ื™ื•ืช) โ€“ โ€œื–ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื™ ืืžื‘ื˜, ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœืจืชื™ื—ื”โ€, ืื•ืžืจ ื“โ€ืจ ื•ื™ื’โ€™.
  2. ืžืฉืจื™ื ืฉืชื™ ืžื˜ืœื™ื•ืช ืจื—ืฆื” ื ืงื™ื•ืช ื‘ืงืขืจืช ื”ืžื™ื, ื•ืื– ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ืื—ืช ื•ืกื•ื—ื˜ื™ื ืื•ืชื”. ืฉืžื™ื ืื•ืชื” ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืงื™, ื•ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœื” ืœืฉื‘ืช ืขื“ ืฉื”ืžื˜ืœื™ืช ื™ื•ืจื“ืช ื—ื–ืจื” ืœื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืžื—ื–ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื’ื‘ืช ื”ื–ื• ืœืงืขืจืช ื”ืžื™ื ื”ื—ืžื™ื, ื•ืกื•ื—ื˜ื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”, ื•ื›ืš ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืขืžื”.
  3. ื—ื–ืจื™ ืขืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืื• ืืจื‘ืข ืคืขืžื™ื, ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ืœ 15 ืขื“ 20 ื“ืงื•ืช. ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื—ืžื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืงืขืจืช ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื›ืฉื”ื™ื ืžืชืงืจืจืช.

ื•ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืืœ ืชื˜ืจื—ื™ ืœืฉื™ื ืื•ืชื ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืงื™ ืฉืœืš. โ€œื”ื˜ืจืื•ืžื” ืœืขื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ืช, ื›ืš ืฉืงื•ืจ ืœื ื™ื•ืขื™ืœ ื”ืจื‘ื”โ€, ืื•ืžืจ ื“โ€ืจ ื•ื™ื’โ€™.

ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื™ ื™ืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ื”ื—ืžื™ื, ื•ื—ื–ืจื™ ืขืœ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืœืคื™ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืžืฉืš ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื™ื™ื“ืจืฉื• ืœืกื™ืžืŸ ืœื“ืขื•ืš.

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™

ืื’ื‘, ื”ื™ืงื™ (ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ืžืื ื’ืœื™ืช: Hickey), ื ืงืจื ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช โ€œื ืฉื™ื›ืช ืื”ื‘ื”โ€. ืœืคื™ ื•ื™ืงื™ืคื“ื™ื”, ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘-โ€œืกื™ืžืŸ ืื• ื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื–ืžื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืจ ื”ื ื’ืจืžื™ื ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืฉื˜ืฃ ื“ื ืงื˜ืŸ. ื”ืกื™ืžืŸ ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื ืฉื™ืงื”, ืžืฆื™ืฆื” ืื• ื ืฉื™ื›ื” ื—ื–ืงื” ื”ื’ื•ืจืžืช ืœืงืจื™ืขืชื ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ ื“ื ืชืช-ืขื•ืจื™ื™ืโ€.

ืžื” ืœืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื™ืงื™?

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืฉื™ื˜ืช ื”ืงื•ืžืคืจืกื™ื ื”ื—ืžื™ื, ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืžืจื•ื— ืืช ื”ื’โ€™ืœื™ื ืื• ื”ืงืจืžื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืงื™ ืฉืœืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ื•ืœื”ืื™ืฅ ืืช ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืจื™ืคื•ื™ ืฉืœื•:

  • ืืจื ื™ืงื”: ื”ืจื•ืคืื™ื ืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืœืžื”, ืื‘ืœ ืืจื ื™ืงื” ื ืžืฆืื” ื›ื›ื–ื• ื”ืขื•ื–ืจืช ืœื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื ืžื”ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื”ื™ืžื ืขื™ ืžืžื ื” ืื ืืช ืœื•ืงื—ืช ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืžื“ืœืœื•ืช ื“ื.
  • ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ C: ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืžืจืื™ื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ C ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืงืจื™ืฉืช ื“ื, ืžื” ืฉืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืœื•ืช.
  • ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ K: ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ K ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืจื™ืคื•ื™ ื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ืœืžืจื•ื— ืื•ืชื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœื™ื˜ื•ืœ ืื•ืชื• ื“ืจืš ื”ืคื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืฉืœื• ื›ืชื•ืกืฃ ืชื–ื•ื ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื’ืจื•ืจ ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช.

ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืืœื•ื•ืจื”, ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืข ื“ืœืงื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืจ (ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืžืฉ) โ€“ ืื‘ืœ ื“โ€ืจ ื•ื™ื’โ€™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื–ื” ืœื ืžืžืฉ ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื”ื™ืงื™ืก. โ€œืขื ื”ื™ืงื™, ืื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ืœืงืช ื‘ืขื•ืจโ€, ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ. โ€œื–ื• ืจืง ื˜ืจืื•ืžื” ืงืœื”.โ€

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืกืชื™ืจ ื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื—ืœื™ื

ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืื™ืจื•ืข ืคื•ืžื‘ื™ ื‘ืคืชื— ื•ืืช ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ื ื•ืืฉืช, ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉืœืš ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืกืจืช ื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื–ืจ (ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืืคืฉืจื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ืงื™ ื‘-24 ืขื“ 48 ืฉืขื•ืช). ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืš, ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื™ื™ื–ืจ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื•ืืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืžืชื™ืŸ ืœืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืจื™ืคื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™.

ืœืœื ื“ืจืš ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื”ื™ืงื™, ื”ื”ื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืžื›ื•ืกื”, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืื• ืขื ืื™ืคื•ืจ ืงืœ. ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ืฆืขื™ืคื™ื!

ืœืงืจื™ืื” ื ื•ืกืคืช: ืžื” ื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืจ ืฉืœื™? ื”ืชืืžืช ื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื™ื™ืง ืืค, ื’ื ื‘ืงื ื™ื” ื‘ืจืฉืช!

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *