ืงืขืงื•ืข ื–ืžื ื™ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืฉื ื”

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื–ืžื ื™ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืฉื ื” โ€“ ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ื–ื”?

ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืžืŸ ื”ืคื›ื• ืœืื—ืช ื”ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื’ื•ืฃ. ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉืชืžืฉื• ื‘ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืžืื– ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืžืชื•ืขื“, ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื ืจื—ื‘ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” โ€ฆ

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื–ืžื ื™ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืฉื ื” โ€“ ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ื–ื”? ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง โ€“ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื

ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื›ื™ ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ โ€“ ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง ืœื ื‘ืืžืช ื ืขืฉื” ืขื ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง. ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืงืขืงื•ืข ื”ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ืžื–ืจื— (ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืชืื™ืœื ื“) ื•ื ืขืฉื” ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื”ืžื—ืงื” ืืช ื”ื“ืจืš ื‘ื” ื”ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืงืขืงืขื• ืืช โ€ฆ

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง โ€“ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืฉืคืชื™ื™ื

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืฉืคืชื™ื™ื: ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืฉืคืชื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื‘ืฆืข ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืื• ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืคืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš, ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืื™ืคื•ืจ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืื• ื›ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜. ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืืžืŸ ืงืขืงื•ืขื™ื ืžื ื•ืกื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื. ืืš ืขื ื–ืืช, โ€ฆ

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื‘ืฉืคืชื™ื™ื: ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืงืขืงื•ืข ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืคืกื™ืง

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืคืกื™ืง: ืžื” ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ืœืžื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืชืื™ื

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืื ื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืžืืžื™ื ื” ืฉืงืขืงื•ืข ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื•ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ืื• ืงืœื™ืœ ื•ื—ืกืจ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื‘ืื•ืชื” ื”ืžื™ื“ื”, ื•ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ืขืฉื” ืžื” ื‘ื ืœื• โ€“ ื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืขืฉื™ื™ืช ืงืขืงื•ืข ืขื ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช โ€ฆ

ืงืขืงื•ืข ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืคืกื™ืง: ืžื” ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ืœืžื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืชืื™ื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™: ืžื“ืจื™ืš

ืœื ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ืœื”ื˜ ื”ืจื’ืข โ€“ ื•ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื™ืฉ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืœื›ืš ืฉื›ื•ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช, ืžืžืฉ ืขืœ ื”ืฆื•ื•ืืจ ืฉืœืš. ืื– ืžื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื•ื›ื”? ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื™ ืœืงืจื•ื ื›ื“ื™ โ€ฆ

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืงื™: ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ืช ืกื’ื•ืœื”

ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ืช ืกื’ื•ืœื” ื•ืœืžื” ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืš ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืื•ืชื”

ืื ื”ื™ื™ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืง ืื• ื‘ื—ื ื•ืช ื™ืจืงื•ืช ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื”, ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื ืชืงืœืช ื‘ื™ืจืง ืžื•ื–ืจ ืฉื’ืจื ืœืš ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืชื“ื”ืžื”: ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ืช ืกื’ื•ืœื”. ื›ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ื–ื”. ื•ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกื’ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื—ืจื™ื“ ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ืจื•ืงื” โ€ฆ

ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ืช ืกื’ื•ืœื” ื•ืœืžื” ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืš ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืื•ืชื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช

16 ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช (ืžื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื“ืขื™ืช)

ืœืคื™ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืขื“ื›ื ื™ื™ื, ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืคื™ืขื•ืช ืขืœ ืขื“ ื›-15 ืื—ื•ื– ืžื”ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช (ืžืงื•ืจ). ื”ื“ืจืš ืœื”ื•ืจื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืืชื’ืจ ืขืฆื•ื, ืื‘ืœ ื“ืขื• ืฉืืชื ืœื ืœื‘ื“ ื‘ืืชื’ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื”. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื™ืฉ ืœื โ€ฆ

16 ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช (ืžื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื“ืขื™ืช) ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ื•ืืฉื”

ืื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ื•ืืฉื”: ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช, ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช

ืื ื™ ื›ื ืจืื” ืœื ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืืฃ ืคืขื ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจืžื” ืจื•ืœืจ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ืฉืœื™, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื›ืœื™ ืื—ืจ ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ื— ื”ืขื•ืจ ืฉืื ื™ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคืกื™ืง ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœื™ื•: ืื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ื•ืืฉื”. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื–ื” ืจืฉื•ื ื‘ืชื•ืจ โ€ฆ

ืื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ื•ืืฉื”: ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช, ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ืฉืžืŸ ื ืจ ื”ืœื™ืœื”

ืฉืžืŸ ื ืจ ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืœืขื•ืจ ื”ืคื ื™ื: ืกื’ื•ืœื•ืช, ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ื•ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ

ื”ืจื‘ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืฉืžืŸ ื ืจ ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืœืขื•ืจ ื”ืคื ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืคื•ืกื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ืื ื™ ืื›ืกื” ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื, ืืกื‘ื™ืจ ืื™ืš ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื• ื•ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื’ื ืืžืœื™ืฅ ืขืœ ื›ืžื” โ€ฆ

ืฉืžืŸ ื ืจ ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืœืขื•ืจ ื”ืคื ื™ื: ืกื’ื•ืœื•ืช, ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ื•ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“
ื“ื™ืคื™ื•ื–ืจ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืจื•ืžืชื™ื™ื

ื“ื™ืคื™ื•ื–ืจ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื: ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืžืœื

ื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฉื’ืจืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื”ืŸ ืืœื• ืฉืžืชืื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื. ื•ื–ื• ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉืื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ื“ื™ืคื™ื•ื–ืจ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืจ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื–ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืืžืฅ ื ืžื•ืš ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื ืคืœื ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืขืฆืžื™: โ€ฆ

ื“ื™ืคื™ื•ื–ืจ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื: ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืžืœื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“